Lancaut

Lancaut lies in one of the four most important woodland areas in Britain, the site is very rich in wildlife with over 350 plant species recorded and a wide range of birds around the wood and south facing cliffs such as peregrine falcon and raven. Cormorant and heron frequent the river, and occasionally a seal will pop up in the river on a spring tide. A great place with stunning iconic views from the cliffs.

Location

Half a mile north of Woodcroft village, off the B4228
Chepstow
The postcode for the car park is NP16 7JB, on Lancaut Lane
A static map of Lancaut

Know before you go

Size
27 hectares

Entry fee

Free

Parking information

The postcode for the car park is NP16 7JB, on Lancaut Lane

Grazing animals

Sheep graze the meadow close to St James’ Church, so dogs must be kept on a lead and under close control in this area

Walking trails

There is a way-marked trail marked by red arrows, with three benches offering places to rest and admire the scenery.  Follow this trail and not the climbers’ trails that lead to the bottom of the cliffs. A more accessible viewpoint is available just off the Offa’s Dyke Path which overlooks Wintour’s Leap.

Access

Some of the gradients at Lancaut are steep in places and cover rocky ground and slippery clay

A large boulder scree lies halfway through the reserve, making it inaccessible for wheels

Dogs

Under effective control

When to visit

Opening times

Open access throughout the year

Best time to visit

Spring to autumn

About the reserve

Lancaut's south-facing cliffs tower over the River Wye and are regular nesting sites for peregrine falcons and ravens. The historic quarrying for limestone carried out at the nature reserve has created the conditions for a diverse ancient gorge woodland, populated by wild service, small-leaved lime, and wayfaring trees, among yew, beech, oak, ash and cherry.  Lancaut also boasts saltmarshes and scree while the woodland found at Ban-y-Gor, a secluded, shady and somewhat mystical place, is filled with large coppiced and pollarded trees. These sit between larger and wind-blown species above a carpet of ferns and mosses. 

While the older quarries are now filled with trees, the more recently abandoned quarries are great places to find wildflowers, as is the limestone ridge. Whitebeams share the cliff edges with hunting kestrel, sparrow hawk and goshawk. Cormorant and heron frequent the river, and its banks, along with an occasional seal on the spring tides.

Lancaut is also renowned for the views from Wintours Leap, a spectacular vista up and down the tidal river valley.

History

Lancaut is located around a narrow-necked promontory and was used as a defensive fort known as Spital Meend as long ago as the Iron Age. Limestone was quarried for agriculture and construction for many years, and fish such as salmon were trapped in weirs during Medieval times. This remote reserve was once a small settlement and retains the ruined walls of St James’ Church, now looked after by the Forest of Dean Buildings Preservation Trust. It’s thought that a leper colony was once situated here, a theory supported by the presence of medicinal plants near the church, including the non-native elecampane, which was once used for treating respiratory ailments, and the poisonous green hellebore - employed as a purgative.

The coppiced and pollarded hazel trees in Ban-y-Gor woods would once have provided a valuable crop. The name Lancaut is thought to be an Anglicisation of the Welsh Llan Cewydd, or Church of St Cewyd.  Other historic references include ‘Wintour’s Leap’, named after the English Civil War Royalist leader Sir John Wintour, who marched forces from Lydney to Lancaut in an unsuccessful attempt to fortify a ford across the Wye and was forced to escape by boat, giving rise to the local legend that he had ridden his horse down the cliffs to safety. Lancaut was first classified as a nature reserve in 1971.

Environmental designation

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)

Other information

The cliffs at Lancaut are popular not only with birds, but with rock-climbers. Rock-climbing is permitted.